According to some researchers, Vietnam now has more than 300 last names. So, do you want to know how much the last name you are carrying is on the ranking of Vietnamese last names?

1. Last Name Nguyen

The last name Nguyen is the most common Vietnamese last name in this list, accounting for 38.4% – 36.8 million people. Outside of Vietnam, Nguyen’s last name is also common in foreign countries where Vietnamese people live.

In Australia, the Nguyen last name ranks 7th; in the Czech Republic, the last name Nguyen leads the list of foreign last names; in the US, the Nguyen last name ranks 57th.

Some famous people have the last name Nguyen such as Nguyen Trai, Nguyen Binh Khiem, Nguyen Hue, Nguyen Anh, Nguyen Du, and Nguyen Van Linh.

2. Last Name Tran

Ranked second after the Nguyen last name is the last name Tran, accounting for 12.1% – 11.6 million people. The ancestors of the last name Tran in Vietnam originated in Qinzhou, Fujian province, China. Some famous characters have the last name Tran such as Tran Thai Tong, Tran Nhan Tong, Tran Phu, Tran Quang Dieu.

3. Last Name Le

The last name ranked third in the list of popular last names in Vietnam is the last name Le. Of more than 9.12 million people, about 9.5% have the last name Le; this last name is only behind the Nguyen and Tran last names in the ranking class. Some famous characters bear the last name Le such as Le Loi, Le Thai To, Le Hong Phong, Le Duan

4. Last Name Pham

In Vietnam, 6.72 million people, 7% have the last name Pham. According to historical records, the last name Pham in Vietnam can have two main origins: one is from the southern provinces of China, migrated to, and then was Vietnameseized; the rest is from the Vietnamese community in Bach Viet of Vietnam. Some famous characters have Pham’s last name, Pham Hong Thai, Pham Ngoc Thach, Pham Van Dong, Pham Minh Chinh.

5. Last Name Hoang/Huynh

Ranked 5th in the ranking of this list is the Hoang/Huynh last name, with 4.8 million people, accounting for 5.1% of the population. The last name Hoang / Huynh is prominent in Vietnam, but this last name is also quite common in China and Korea. Some famous last name members Hoang/ Huynh such as Hoang Dieu, Hoang Van Thu, Huynh Thuc Khang

6. Last Name Phan

The last name Phan is the Vietnamese Last Name in China, Vietnam, and Korea. In Vietnam, the last name Phan is ranked 6th on the list of popular last names with 4.32 million people, accounting for 4.5%.

They now have many explanations about the origin. Some famous people with this last name include Phan Huy Can, Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Chau Trinh, and Phan Van Khai.

7. Last Name Vu / Vo

The last name Vu/Vo is quite common in China; in Vietnam, this last name is ranked 7th with 3.74 million people, accounting for 3.9% of the population of Vietnam.

Legend has it that the Vu last name originated in Mo Trach village, Tan Hong commune, Binh Giang district, Hai Duong province, northern Vietnam, and the ancestor of the Vu last name is Vu Hun (804-853). Some famous people have the last name Vu / Vo, such as Vu Trung, Vo Thi Sau, and Vo Nguyen Giap.

8. Last Name Dang

Dang is the last name of the Vietnamese people. This last name is quite a popular last name in Vietnam, with 2 million people carrying this last name, accounting for 2.1% of the population of our country.

People with the last name Dang appeared first during the Dinh dynasty, and this surname was instrumental in helping Dinh Bo defeat 12 warlords such as Dang Chieu Phap and Dang Sy Lam. Some people have the famous last name Dang is Dang Van Than, Dang Van Ngu, Dang Le Nguyen Vu.

9. Last Name Bui

The last name  Bui is the last name that originated in Vietnam from the time the Hung kings built the country. Currently, this last name is ranked 9th on the chart, but the family is famous in our country with 1.92 million people, accounting for 2% of the population. Some famous people have the last name Bui such as Bui Huu Nghia, Bui Vien, and Bui Trong Lieu.

10. Last Name Do

The last name is last on this list is the last name Do, with 1.34 million people accounting for 1.4% of the population. Regarding the origin of the last name Do, there are now many opinions and anecdotes that the last name Do comes from China. Some people with the last name Do are famous such as Do Canh That, Do Nhuan, and Do Hong Quan.

The above are 10 common last names in Vietnam. Usually, Vietnamese people rarely call each other by their last name in daily communication. Because in Vietnamese culture, this is not polite


Currently, I'm the founder and responsible for the content on Explore One Vietnam travel website. After many trips, I have accumulated a lot of experience in traveling to Vietnam, so I want to share these things with international tourists.

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